A Nexus Between Employee Engagement and Goal Orientation to Employee Competence and Performance: Evidence from Indonesia
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1 Dewi Suma2
This study examines the relationship between employee engagement and goal orientation toward competence. In addition, it also examines the relationship between competence and employee performance in financial institutions in Indonesia. Questionnaires were distributed to several employees who work at financial institutions in Aceh, North Sumatra, and Riau. The basis for selecting the research object was that most financial institutions have similar business products. The similarities are the marketing of home loan ownership products and multipurpose investments. The three study regions are located in western Indonesia’s most central provinces and have a significant amount of trade. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling based on specific criteria for the respondents. 275 employees made up the research sample, and partial least squares data analysis methods were applied. In data analysis, initial testing was carried out on the components of the research statement items to see their validity and reliability. The results of this study indicate that employee engagement behavior can improve employee performance, which improves financial institutions’ organizational performance. The study’s findings offer suggestions for policies and guidelines that will encourage productive work behavior among employees and boost organizational performance. The fact that employees must think and act creatively to develop their competence and become superior employees is another distinctive feature of this research.
Keywords: Employee Involvement, Goal Orientation, Competence, Employee Performance
THE INFLUENCE OF WORK CHARACTERISTICS, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, AND LEADERSHIP ETHICS ON THE LOYALTY OF EMPLOYEES IN INDO FURNITURE
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1, Dewi Suma2, R. Djoko Goenawan3 1,2Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia, Medan 3Universitas Persada Indonesia Jakarta Email: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Every company considers human resources the most important asset in developing a business or company itself. This study aims to determine whether the characteristics of the work affect the Loyalty of Indo Furniture Employees. To find out whether Organizational Culture affects Indo Furniture’s Employee Loyalty. To find out whether Leadership Ethics affect the Loyalty of Indo Furniture Employees. To determine whether work characteristics, organizational culture, and leadership ethics affect employee loyalty. The research approach used by the author is to use a quantitative approach. Results: the effect of job characteristics obtained t value 16.992 with a value of t sig = 0, 000 < 0.05). Thus, it can be stated that the Job Characteristics partially affect Indo Furniture Employees’ Loyalty. The influence of organizational culture obtained t value of 2.436 with a value of sig = 0.001 > 0.05). Organizational Culture Affects Indo Furniture’s Employee Loyalty. The influence of Leadership Ethics obtained t-value of 3.612 with a value of sig = 0.001 > 0.05. Leadership Ethics Affects Indo Furniture’s Employee Loyalty.
Keywords: Job characteristics, Organizational Culture, Leadership Ethics, Employee Loyalty
PERFORMANCE OF INDONESIAN HIGHER EDUCATION UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND LECTURER PERFORMANCE
Dewi Suma1, Budi Alamsyah Siregar2 1,2Management Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia 1Email: email@example.com 2Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The study aims to see the role of organizational culture and lecturer performance in improving university organizational performance. We use the inferential verification technique, which is a strategy used by researchers to assess the validity of the hypotheses presented by collecting actual data from several higher education administrators. Two hundred samples from higher education institutions in Indonesia were deliberately selected as respondents. We used Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis to test the hypotheses, aided by Smart-PLS software. Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that organizational culture has a significant positive effect on the performance of higher education organizations, lecturer performance has a significant positive effect on higher education organizational performance, and organizational culture has a significant positive effect on the performance of college lecturers. The limitation of this research is that the survey only focuses on universities in Indonesia and the tactical management level of an organization. Practical implications: According to research findings, improving lecturer performance and organizational culture can improve the organizational performance of tertiary institutions in Indonesia. The lecturer performance variable is proven to be a mediating or intervening variable for organizational culture influencing the performance of higher education organizations in Indonesia. Based on the 1945 Constitution, education, including higher education in Indonesia, is one of the indicators of advancing science and technology, higher education must be the driving force of national development, and higher education solves the nation’s problems
Keywords: Lecture Performance, Organizational Culture, Organizational Performance
The Role Of Organizational Climate In Improving Job Satisfaction
Dewi Suma1, Budi Alamsyah Siregar2 1,2Management, Economics, Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Jl. Teladan No 15B Medan, 20217, Indonesia email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
This study uses bibliometric analysis and visualization of VOS viewer software to display a graphical conception of bibliographic data, including cocitation and co-occurrence of keywords. The discussion on organizational climate and job satisfaction began to show an increase in the early 2000s until 2018. From early 2020 until now, there has been a decline in the discussion on organizational climate and job satisfaction. The author sees this as an opportunity for new article writers to return to conducting studies and research on organizational climate and job satisfaction. The documents used for analysis in this study were obtained only from the Scopus.com database. This study uses documents published in journals between 1969 and 2022 by building a graphical analysis using the VOS viewer. It is suggested for future research that it is necessary to analyze the journal publications from a wider variety of databases such as JSTOR, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Emerald Insight, and Directory of Open Access Journal widely. This study reports on the significant developments noted by the journal over the years and provides the appropriate information needed for authors writing articles, particularly research in human resource management (HRM). The results of the study present a complete bibliometric analysis and identify the main trends of publication in the Scopus.com journal, especially in the HRD field, data taken from 1969 to 2022.
Keywords: Scopus, Organizational Climate, Job Satisfaction, Bibliometrics VOS viewer
Analysis of Production Budget Implementation As a Management Tool In Company Profit Management at PT. Sari Incofood Corporation
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1, Dewi Suma2 1Department Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Pembinaan Masyarkat Indonesia Jl. Teladan No 15B Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20142, Indonesia Email: email@example.com
The purpose of this study is to analyze the implementation of the production budget as a management tool in managing company profits at Pt. Sari Incofood. The research used in this research is descriptive qualitative research with secondary data. In this study, the results were obtained using the production budget at PT. Sari Incofood Corporation is still not completely perfect and has become a management tool. The Indocafe Maxtea product in 2017, 2018, and 2019 and the Indocafe Cappuccino product in 2017 can still earn a profit between the cost of production. However, the realization of production with a total of Rp. 11,660,000,000 (Favourable Variable) in the company’s profit management on Indocafe Cappuccino products in 2018 and 2019 still has a detrimental difference or cannot earn a profit between the total cost of production and the realization of production with a total of Rp.785,000,000 (Unfavorable Variable)
Keywords: Production Budget, Production Realization, and Profit Management
The Influence Of Leadership Behavior, Work Environment, Compensation On Employee Work Outcomes
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1, Dewi Suma2 1,2Department Management, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Jl. Teladan No 15B Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20227, Indonesia Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study examines the relationship between leadership behavior, work environment, and compensation to motivation and the relationship between motivation and work productivity of employees. Data collection was carried out by interviewing and distributing questionnaires to employees at PT. Sinar Pantja Daja, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The Central Java region in Indonesia is known as an industrial area. The sampling technique was carried out purposively based on specific criteria. Data analysis using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). This research review provides practical recommendations and strategic policies in managing and increasing employee productivity. The results showed that motivation has an essential role as a mediator in increasing employee productivity. Research respondents numbered 232 employees, limited to one work department to not represent the entire population.
Keywords: Leadership Behavior, Work Environment, Compensation, Motivation, Work Productivity
The Effect Of Creativity And Innovation On Competitive Advantage (Case Study On Business Pe rsonnel Of Bata Business In The Sub District Of Pematang Kaseh Perbaungan)
Dewi Suma1, Budi Alamsyah Siregar2 1,2Department Management, Faculty of Economics , Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Jl. Teladan No. 15B Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20412, Indonesia Email: email@example.com
This study aims to determine the effects of creativity and innovation on competitive advantage (a case study on brick business actors in PEMATANG KASEH PERBAUNGAN DISTRICT). The sample used is 70 brick business entrepreneurs in Hinai District. The data collection used is using general information given to respondents. The data is processed using SPSS 20.0 For Windows. The analysis technique used is multiple linear regression using the formula Y = a+b1x1+b2x2+e. The results of this research are the influence given by creativity to competitive advantage as much as 0.264, and the positive is that the greater the creativity, the greater the interest in using competitive advantage (Y). tcount at = 3,209 > T table = 1,994 or using comparing the value of sig = 0.000 < level xss=removed xss=removed> T table = 1.994 or using comparing the value of sig = 0.000 < error rate 5% = 0.05 it can be concluded that Innovation to Competitive Advantage. the effect given is positive; the beta value indicates this obtained positive 0.645.
Keywords: Creativity, Innovation, Competitive Advantage
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1, Dewi Suma2 1,2Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Domestic MSMEs that are highly competitive, innovative and creative are able to expand the ASEAN Economic Community market. However, there are problems that often hinder the development of MSMEs in Deli Serdang Regency, namely weak institutional and individual factors, for this reason efforts are needed to increase the growth of MSMEs with competitive strategies, especially in facing the AEC. The method used is a literature study using descriptive analysis techniques and qualitative research. The results of this research are Porter’s Five Forces model consisting of: threat of new entrants, strength of supplier’s bargaining position, strength of buyer’s bargaining position, threat of substitute or substitute products, strength of competition or competitors, has not been sufficiently applied to MSMEs in Deli Serdang Regency and is very It is necessary to develop a model with the addition of 2 more indicators that will support MSMEs to be able to survive, compete and excel in facing the ASEAN Economy. Community (AEC), namely: Governance, Innovation Capability and Mastery of Technology, Effective Low Cost Strategy for MSMEs in Deli Serdang Regency. This can be seen from the expected goals for business actors (MSMEs), namely being able to increase profits by reducing costs and setting prices which is in accordance with the average industry and business actors (MSMEs), can increase market share by applying lower prices and still achieve or obtain adequate profits from each sale of products or services because costs have been reduced.
Kata kunci : Strategy, Business Management, MSMEs
THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON WORK INVOLVEMENT MEDIATED BY EMPLOYEE INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1, Dewi Suma2 1,2Faculty of Economics, Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia, Medan Email: email@example.com
This study aimed to determine the effect of organizational culture and emotional intelligence on work involvement mediated by interpersonal communication—a total of 210 samples of finance company employees. Samples were selected proportionally by random sampling. Data was obtained through a questionnaire. The data analysis technique uses a structural equation model (SEM) with Smart-PLS version 3.0. The study results show that emotional intelligence is the variable that has the most significant influence in influencing employee work involvement. This study also found that organizational culture is the second most significant influence that can increase work engagement. The subsequent finding from this study is that interpersonal communication is not an influential mediating variable to bridge the increase in organizational culture and emotional intelligence on employee work engagement. Finance companies should be able to improve employees’ emotional intelligence with indicators of self-knowledge, self-control, self-motivation, and empathy from employees. Employees are directed to realize their weaknesses and strengths, which can increase self-confidence and ability to solve problems in their work. Employees must be able to control themselves, not be selfish, control themselves, and be responsible. Employees must be able to think of positive things, not give up quickly, and be able to motivate themselves. Employees who increase their work involvement will be able to feel what other people feel, help co-workers who are having problems at work, can motivate co-workers. The benefits of employee involvement can be felt if employees can become problem solvers and are willing to accept open criticism for criticism from both leaders and co-workers.
Keywords: Organizational Culture, Emotional Intelligence, Interpersonal Communication, Work Involvement
THE EFFECT OF WORK MOTIVATION AND WORK DISCIPLINE ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE WITH REWARD AND PUNISHMENT AS INTERVENING VARIABLES
(CASE STUDY : PT SALIM IVOMAS PRATAMA KOTA PEKANBARU)
Rini Elfina1, Budi Alamsyah Siregar2, Dewi Suma3, R. Rudi Alhempi4, Rumanintya Lisaria Putri5
1FEB Universitas Ibnu Sina Batam
2,3Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Medan
4Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi (STIE) Persada Bunda Pekanbaru
5Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional
Corresponden Author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The era of globalization where every company must compete to maintain and develop its existence, including PT Salim Ivomas Pratama. The main activities of PT Salim Ivomas Pratama start from research, seeding, processing to marketing, the complexity of all activities at PT Salim Ivomas Pratama must be supported by qualified employees and good human resource management. . One of the important elements to improve employee performance is motivation and work discipline. While the reward and punishment system plays a role in maintaining the motivation of high-performing employees. The study aims to determine the effect of work motivation and work discipline on employee performance with reward and punishment as mediation variables. Quantitative research using SEM-PLS analysis with the help of Smart PLS application version 3.0. The research instrument was in the form of a questionnaire with a total of 132 respondents. The results of the study found that reward and punishment variables mediate work motivation variables on employee performance by providing a positive and significant influence shown through calculated values of 2.441<1,979 tables and p-values of 0.015 < 0.05. Furthermore, reward and punishment can mediate between the variability of work discipline on employee performance positively and significantly indicated by a calculated value of 4.323< 1,979 ttable and p-value 0.000< 0.05.
Kata kunci : Work Motivation, Work Discipline, Employee Performance and Reward And Punishment
THE INFLUENCE OF LEADERSHIP AND WORK ABILITY ON WORK MOTIVATION, AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF EDUCATION DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES IN SOUTH SUMATRA PROVINCE
Dewi Suma1, Budi Alamsyah Siregar2 Management, Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia1,2 Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of leadership, work ability, partially or simultaneously on work motivation and to determine the effect of leadership, work ability and work motivation partially or simultaneously on the performance of employees of the South Sumatra Province Education Office. Research method Sampling using proportional sampling technique. The method of data analysis is descriptive analysis and verification with a sample size of 255 respondents, taken from a population of 702. The data analysis method used in this research is Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with the Analysis of Moment Structure (AMOS) program. Based on the research results, the following findings were obtained; (1) There is a positive and significant influence of leadership on the work motivation of employees in the South Sumatra Province Education Office. (2) There is a positive and significant effect of work ability on the work motivation of employees in the South Sumatra Province Education Office. (3) There is no influence of leadership on the performance of employees in the South Sumatra Provincial Education Office. (4) There is a positive and significant effect of work ability on the performance of employees in the South Sumatra Province Education Office. (5) There is a positive and significant influence of work motivation on the performance of employees in the South Sumatra Province Education Office. The conclusion of the research is to increase work motivation, the variable that must be improved is the work ability of the employees of the South Sumatra Province Education Office. Meanwhile, to improve the performance of employees at the South Sumatra Provincial Education Office, what must be improved first is the work ability of the employees of the South Sumatra Provincial Education Office.
Kata Kunci : Leadership, work ability, work motivation, employee performance
Budi Alamsyah Siregar1, Dewi Suma2, Reza Nurul Ichsan3 1,2,3Management Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Email: email@example.com
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of human resource quality, public health, education quality, and public services on governance, which has an impact on community welfare. A random sampling approach was used to randomly select 330 respondents. Questionnaires were used to collect data. SEM-PLS with structural equation modelling (SEM) was used for data analysis. Based on the findings of the study, the quality of human resources, public health, quality of education, public services, and governance all have a significant impact on community welfare. These five research variables are prioritised for improvement. The quality of human resources, public health, education, and public services show useful results, which can be a solution to welfare problems to achieve good governance, as long as they are within the framework of improving community welfare and not exploiting them for other personal gains. This research also shows the importance of the Muara Enim Regency government in preventing corrupt practices, especially since corrupt practices have a significant impact on people’s welfare, because they not only make administrative procedures slow, expensive, and inefficient, but also divert resources to local governments. The Muara Enim Regency Government is expected to be able to equip its people with quality human resources, health services, public education, and public services, resulting in superior governance. This research also proposes that the Muara Enim Regency Government be more successful in making policies to stay on track and improve the human development index.
Keywords: Quality of Human Resources, Public Health, Quality of Education, Community Welfare, Governance, Public Services
Dewi Suma1, Budi Alamsyah Siregar2 1,2Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study is to ascertain how employee performance at KPP Pratama Medan Timur is impacted by work attitude, employee loyalty, and work discipline. Because the data acquired will be realized in the form of numbers and evaluated using statistics, the methodology employed in this study is a quantitative methodology. The effectiveness of training, competency, and employee loyalty on employee productivity at KPP Pratama Medan is assessed using this methodology. 86 KPP Pratama Medan employees made up the study’s sample population. In the absence of a mixed variable of workplace attitudes regarding employee performance, 435 implies that it is equivalent to 2.427. Work attitude, work loyalty, and work discipline all have a favorable impact on employees’ performance. Accordingly, any improvement in work attitude, organizational climate, and training variables will have a beneficial impact on employee performance. Loyalty is 0.427 and work discipline is 0.195.
Keywords: Work Attitude, Employee Loyalty, Employee Performance