KARYA ILMIAH RAHMANIAH HARAHAP

55

Utilizing the Empowerment of People-Owned Enterprises Economic Institutions

R Rahmaniah, Hamsinah Baharuddin, Phong Thanh Nguyen, E. Laxmi Lydia, Ruly Artha

Abstrak

-Individuals Owned Enterprises as a partnership can possibly develop and create in the event that it can adjust to essential business law. Business begins from advertise that implies no market, no business. In this way, People-Owned Enterprises model methodology starts with advertise the board both broadly and universally or exchange as a significant exertion to deal with a powerful market. It is the business as well as enormous scope business that decides the nature of crude material supplies sourced from makers (rancher gatherings, anglers, skilled workers, and so on.), which is facilitated in the structure and the executive’s arrangement of People-Owned Enterprises. Individuals Owned Enterprises as an establishment of monetary entertainers will empower expanded creation and efficiency as the premise of monetary development and comprehensive money related which is solid and reasonable. A comprehensive economy and account lifts individuals or society from the base of the pyramid position. The nation’s financial strategy and even governmental issues have not been benevolent to the general public. In addition, the limit of neighborhood authorities to manufacture a comprehensive people’s economy is still constrained. Other than physical and non-physical framework including the board abilities from the legislature and nearby networks is restricted.

Keywords : People-Owned Enterprises, dynamic market, society, government, local community.

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International Journal Of Science, Technology & Management ISSN: 2722 – 4015

Supply Liquid Organic Fertilizer NASA and Rice Husk Ash To The
Chemical Properties Of The Soil On The Tomato Plant

Fitra Syawal Harahap1 , Rahmaniah2 , Roswita Oesman2 , Iman Arman3
1 Agrotechnology Study Program, Faculty Of Science And Technology, Labuhanbatu University
2 Agrotechnology Study Program, Faculty Of Agriculture, Indonesia Community Development University
3 Plantation Study Program, Medan Agricultural Development Polytechnic (Polbangtan)
*corresponding author:
Email : fitrasyawalharahap@gmail.com

Abstract

Efforts to improve tomato production can be done with the use of organic fertilizers derived from agricultural waste, manure, green manure, manure-human waste, and compost as a substitute source of nutrients. This study aims To determine the best combination between provision of organic fertilizer POC and Rice Husk Ash On the Chemical Properties of the Soil On the Tomato Plant. This research used randomized block design factorial consisting of 2 treatment factors, namely : the Concentration of POC NASA (N) consists of 4 levels, namely: N0 = 0% ( control), N1 = 1 cc/ liter of water, N2 = 2 cc/ liter of water, N3 = 3 cc/ liters of water. Organic fertilizer Rice Husk Ash (A) which consists of 3 levels, namely :A0 = 0 tons/ ha, A1 = 15 tons/ha (158 g/polybag), A2 = 30 ton/ha (316 g/polybag). The test map used is the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). As for the observed parameters, namely soil chemical properties include soil pH Methods Elektrometri, C-organic (%) Method of Walkley and Black, P-Available (%) Method of Bray II. The results showed that the Provision of Liquid Organic Fertilizer NASA and as much as 2 cc/ liter of water is able to increase the soil pH and C-organic. Provision of 30 ton/ha or equivalent to 316 g/polybag Rice Husk Ash is able to increase P-available and C-organic.

Keywords : Liquid Organic Fertilizer, Rice Husk Ash, Soil Chemical Properties, Tomato

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Pengaruh Aplikasi Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit dan Arang Sekam Padi terhadap beberapa Sifat Kimia Tanah pada Tomat

1Fitra Syawal Harahap, 2Hilwa Walida, 3Rahmaniah Rahmaniah, 4Abdul Rauf, 5Rosmidah Hasibuan, 6Ade Parlaungan Nasution
Abstract
The oil palm empty fruit bunches are solid waste produced from the processing of oil palms which have a large amount of potential to be used as compost and are expected to improve the physical, biological and chemical properties of the subsoil. This study aimed to evaluate the best combination between oil palm empty fruit bunches compost and rice husk charcoal on soil chemical properties in tomato. This research was conducted in Sona Village, Labuhanbatu Regency on December 2019-March 2020. Analysis of soil chemical properties was conducted at the Socfindo Seed Production and Laboratories (SSPL) Laboratory of PT. Socfin Indonesia. The study was conducted with a factorial randomized block design with 2 factors. The first factor was the application of oil palm empty bunches which consists of no oil palm empty bunches (control), 0.5 kg/polybag, 0.7 kg/polybag and 1 kg/polybag. The second factor was the application of rice husk charcoal which consists of non-husk charcoal (control), consisting of 0.2 kg/polybag and 0.4 kg/polybag. Data that had a significant effect after analysis of variance continued with DMRT at the level of α = 5%. The results showed that application of oil palm empty fruit bunches (0.7 kg/polybag) significantly increased pH and C-organic. Application of rice husk charcoal (0.2 kg/polybag) significantly increased C-organic and P-available.
Keywords : C-organic; Organic substance; P-available
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PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ABU SEKAM PADI DAN KOMPOS JERAMI PADI TERHADAP SIFAT KIMIA TANAH ULTISOL PADA TANAMAN JAGUNG MANIS

1Fitra Syawal Harahap, 2Hilwa Walida, 3Roswita Oesman, 4R Rahmaniah, 5Iman Arman,6Makruf Wicaksono, 7Dahrul Aman Harahap, 8Rosmidah Hasibuan
Abstract
This study aimed to determine the effect of rice straw compost and rice husk ash on some chemical properties of an Ultisol soil under sweet corn plant. This study was conducted at the Labuhan Batu Rantau Prapat University Campus Land and the PT. Socfindo Laboratory. The design used in this study was a randomized factorial design consisting of two factors with two replications. The first factor was the application of rice husk ash with four dose levels (g 5 kg-1 of soil), i.e. P0 (0), P1 (10), P2 (20), and P3 (30). The second factor was the application of rice straw compost with four dose levels (g 5 kg-1 of soil), i.e. J0 (0), J1 (25), and J2 (50), J3 (75). Results of this study indicated that the application of rice straw compost significantly increased soil organic-C and available P contents, as well as plant height, plant dry weight, N and P uptake by the plant. The treatments, however, did not significantly increase soil pH and total-N content. The application of rice husk ash significantly increased soil organic-C content and N uptake by the plant, but it did not significantly increase pH, available P content, and total N content of the soil.
Keywords : rice husk ash, rice straw compost, sweet corn, soil chemical properties
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PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN PUPUK ANORGANIK TERHADAP SERAPAN N, P, K OLEH TANAMAN JAGUNG PADA ULTISOL TAMBUNAN LANGKAT
1Roswita Oesman, 2Fitra Syawal Harahap, 3Abdul Rauf, 1Rahmaniah Rahmaniah

1 Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia
Sumatera Utara
2Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi Universitas Labuhanbatu Sumatera Utara
3Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sumatera Utara

Abstract
Maize is a cereal commodity that has an important role in supporting food security and food
diversification programs. The application of organic and inorganic fertilizers is one of the efforts to increase national maize productivity. This study was aimed to explore the effect of the application of organic and inorganic fertilizers on N, P and K uptake by maize in an Ultisol. Treatments tested were combinations of five levels of organic fertilizer application (0%, 100%, 75%, 50%, and 25% of recommended organic fertilizer dose), and five levels of inorganic fertilizer (0%, 100%, 75%, 50%, and 25% of recommended inorganic fertilizer dose). The twenty-five treatments were arranged in a factorial randomized block design with two replications. Results of the study showed that there was a relationship between N, P and K uptake by maize with maize shoot dry weight, root weight, and shell weight. The highest plant height, shoot dry weight, and root dry weight of the maize were obtained by the treatment of 100% of organic fertilizer. The highest maize shell dry weight and uptake of N, P was obtained by the in the treatment of 75% organic fertilizer.
Keywords: inorganic fertilizer, maize, nutrient uptake, organic fertilizer, Ultisol
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Management Prerequisites Bureucracies

R Rahmaniah1, S Sulardi2, AA Hubur3, Gusmaizal4, Fauzi5
1Universitas Pembangunan Masyarakat Indonesia, Indonesia.
2Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Migas Balikpapan, Indonesia.
3Islamic Economics and Finance (IEF), Faculty of Business and Economics, Trisakti University, Indonesia.
4Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
5STMIK Pringsewu, Lampung, Indonesia

Abstract
There are three main things to survive in a change: tri-strategy, namely reorientation, restructuring, and alliance. In every business organization, management usually puts these three management strategies to survive any difficulties. Nowadays, the management of public organizations, or governments, or the bureaucracy must learn from the business sector in order to maintain its function and – again – be able to create value to society.This trilogy is actually a derivation of “reinventing” or “reengineering”. The principle is that defending yourself by only maintaining efficiency and effectiveness is not enough. Government organizations need “adaptive capacity”. Focusing solely on efficiency and effectiveness is like how to fight the last war. After we know how to do that, we find that the next war is quite different-and that we are not prepared for it.
Keywords: government, management, organization, bureaucracy, global economy

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EVALUASI KESESUAIAN LAHAN TANAMAN SORGUM (Shorgum bicolor)
DI KECAMATAN BILAH BARAT KABUPATEN LABUHANBATU

Land Suitability Evaluation of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
in Bilah Barat District of Labuhanbatu Regency

Fitra Syawal Harahap1*, Rahmania2, Simon Haholongan Sidabuke3 , Muhammad Zuhirsyan4
1 Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Labuhanbatu
2 Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat
Indonesia Medan
3 Program Studi Manajemen Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Simalungun
4 Politeknik Negeri Medan, Sumatera Utara
Abstract
Sorghum has great potential to be cultivated and developed commercially because it has wide adaptability, high productivity, is resistant to plant pests and is more resistant to marginal conditions. Land evaluation is useful as a basis for sector development in an area that is useful for reorganizing the existing land use to assist in making land use planning decisions. This study that was aimed to evaluate land suitability for sorghum was conducted descriptively using the survey method. The sampling method used was based on a land map unit with a free grid system. The land evaluation was carried out by matching and comparing land characteristics with land suitability class criteria to obtain land suitability classes for sorghum plants in Bilah Barat District, Labuhanbatu Regency, There were 6 soil sample points collected at depth of 0-60 cm to determine the value of soil characteristics.. The results showed that the cultivated sorghum in Bilah Barat District, Labuhanbatu Regency of 12,829 ha which has he actual land suitability class for sorghum is Nwa with the potential land suitability class is S2tcwa.
Keywords: Labuhanbatu, land evaluation, sorghum plant
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PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR DAN NKP
TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI TANAMAN
KACANG PANJANG (Vigna sinensis L.)

Rahmaniah Harahap1, Eri Samah

1,2Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian (UPMI) Medan
Email : 1irrahmaniah@gmail.com, 2Erisamah2808@gmail.com

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Cair Dan NPKTerhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Kacang Panjang (Vigna sinensis L.), sekaligus mengetahui interaksi Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Cair Dan NPK Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Produksi Tanaman Kacang Panjang (Vigna sinensisL.). Penelitian ini merupakan percobaan lapangan yang dilaksanakandi Jalan Balai desa (Kebun Percobaan Fakultas Pertanian UPMI Medan), Kecamatan Patumbak, Kabupaten Deli Serdang dengan ketinggian tempat sekitar ± 40 m dpl. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret sampai Mei 2017, dengan metode RAK (Rancangan Acak Kelompok) faktorial. Faktor pertama adalah pupuk organik cair yang terdiri dari 3 taraf yaitu C0= 0 ml/l air plot, C1= 5 ml/l air plot dan C2 = 7 ml/l air plot. Faktor kedua adalah pupuk NPK yang terdiri dari 3 taraf yaitu N0 = 0 g/plot, N1 =4 g/plot dan N2 = 6 g/plot. Parameter yang diamati adalah Tinggi Tanaman (cm), Jumlah Cabang (unit), Umur Berbunga (hari), Umur Panen (hari), Panjang Polong (cm) dan Jumlah Polong Pertanaman Sampel (polong). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan pemberian pupuk organik cair menujukkan berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman (cm), jumlah cabang produktif (unit), umur berbunga (hari), panjang polong (cm) dan jumlah polong pertanaman sampel (polong), sedangkan berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap umur panen (hari). Pemberian pupuk NPK menujukkan berbeda sangat nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman (cm), jumlah cabang produktif (cabang), umur berbunga (hari), umur panen (hari), panjang polong (cm) dan jumlah polong pertanaman sampel (polong).Interaksi pengaruh pemberian pupukorganik cair danNPK terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi tanaman kacang panjangberpengaruh sangat nyata tiap-tiap peubah parameter yang diamati.

Kata kunci : Kacang Panjang, Pupuk organik Cair, Pupuk NPK, Kecamatan Patumbak

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RESPON PEMBIBITAN TANAMAN KOPI ROBUSTA (COFFEA CANEPHORA L.) TERHADAP CENDAWAN MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA (CMA) DAN PUPUK KANDANG AYAM

Eri Samah1
Rahmahniah Harahap 2

Universitas Pembinan Masyarakat Indonesia1
Universitas Pembinan Masyarakat Indonesia2

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui respon pembibitan tanaman kopi robusta terhadap Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dan pupuk kandang ayam. Penelitian ini di laksanakan di kebun percobaan Universitas Pembinaan Masyarakat Indonesia. Penelitian ini di lakukan pada bulan juli dan berakhir pada bulan september 2019. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK). Ada dua faktor yang di teliti yaitu Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dan Pupuk Kandang Ayam. Faktor pertama pemberian Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula (C) dengan 4 taraf perlakuan yaitu C0 = 0 g/tanaman, C1 = 10 g/tanaman, C2 = 20 g/tanaman, C3 = 30 g/tanaman. Faktor kedua adalah pemberian pupuk kandang ayam (A) terdiri dari4 taraf perlakuan yaitu: A0 = 0 ton/ha, A1 = 5 ton/ha, A2 = 10 ton/ha, A3 = 15 ton/ha. Parameter yg diamati adalah tinngi bibit, jumlah daun, diameter batang, panjang akar, jumlah akar, dan bobot basah akar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan cendawan mikoriza arbuskula berpengaruh nyata terhadap timgi bibit, panjang akar, dan bobot basah akar, tetapi berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap jumlah daun, diameter batang, dan jumlah kara bibit kopi hingga umur 15 MST. Semakin tinggi dosis mikoriza arbuskula yang di berikan hingga 30 g/tanaman maka bibit semakin tinggi sebesar 23,10 cm, akar semakin panjang sekitar 13,95 cm, dan bobot basah akar semakin berat sekitar 11,95 g. Perlakuan pupuk kandang ayam berpengaruh nyata terhadap tinggi bibit, panjang akar, dan bobot basah akar, tetapi berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap jumlah daun, diameter batang, dan jumlah bibit akar bibit kopi hingga umur 15 MST. Semakin tinggi dosis pupuk kandang ayam yang diberikan hingga 15 ton/ha maka bibit kopi semakin tinggi sekitar 23,18 cm, akar semakin panjang sekitar 13, 98 cm, dan bobot akar basah semakin berat sekitar 11,65 g. Interaksi perlakuan cendawan mikoriza arbuskula dengan pupuk kandang ayam berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap tinngi bibit, jumlah daun, diameter batang, panjang akar, jumlah akar, dan bobot bsah akar.

Kata Kunci: Bibit, Robusta, Mikoriza , Pupuk Kandang ayam.

 Abstract

This study aims to determine the response of robusta coffee plant nurseries to Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and chicken manure. This research was carried out in the experimental garden of the Indonesian Community Development University. This research was conducted in July and ended in September 2019. This study used a randomized block design (RBD). There are two factors studied, namely Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Chicken Cage Fertilizer. The first factor was giving Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (C) with 4 treatment levels, namely C0 = 0 g / plant, C1 = 10 g / plant, C2 = 20 g / plant, C3 = 30 g / plant. The second factor is the provision of chicken manure (A) consisting of 4 levels of treatment, namely: A0 = 0 tons / ha, A1 = 5 tons / ha, A2 = 10 tons / ha, A3 = 15 tons / ha. The parameters observed were seed height, number of leaves, stem diameter, root length, number of roots, and root wet weight. The results showed that the treatment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi had a significant effect on seed height, root length, and root wet weight, but had no significant effect on the number of leaves, stem diameter, and number of coffee seedlings until the age of 15 WAP. The higher the arbuscular mycorrhizal dose that was given up to 30 g / plant, the higher the seeds were 23.10 cm, the roots were about 13.95 cm long, and the wet weight of the roots the heavier was about 11.95 g. Chicken manure treatment had a significant effect on seed height, root length, and root wet weight, but had no significant effect on the number of leaves, stem diameter, and number of root seedlings of coffee seedlings up to the age of 15 WAP. The higher the dose of chicken manure given up to 15 tonnes / ha, the taller the coffee seeds are about 23.18 cm, the roots are about 13, 98 cm long, and the weight of the wet roots is about 11.65 g. The interaction of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi treatment with chicken manure had no significant effect on seed height, number of leaves, stem diameter, root length, number of roots, and root weight.

Keyword : Seedlings, Robusta, Mycorrhiza, Fertilizer for Chicken Cages

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